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Feminist Party Discriminates

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” The response of the National Woman’s Party to the disenfranchisement of African-American women illustrates that women’s identity as women does not always transcend other differences or make women more sensitive to the discrimination faced by other disadvantaged groups. The campaign for women’s suffrage was fraught with conflict over the issue of race. Many white suffragists did not want to antagonize southern supporters of the suffrage movement by endorsing African-American women’s right to vote. While the Nineteenth Amendment, which gave women the right to vote, was ratified in 1920, black women still found themselves unable to exercise their new rights (Race Issue Hit Feminist Party, Microfilm Reel 28.)” 

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Written by A New Generation of Women

May 2, 2011 at 5:04 am

Posted in Uncategorized

The African American New Woman

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“In an era of lynchings and segregation, many black women struggled to define their gender identity and sexuality in an empowering way. The Harlem Renaissance played a huge part in African cultural life. Sexuality was more a terrain of liberation for African American women than white women. During the 1920s, glamour permeated the black community. Many black artists stressed the beauty of black women and beauty parlors and cosmetic sales soared (Clash of Cultures, African American New Woman.)”

However, some black women had the assumption that white    would always be better so they insisted on purchasing skin  lightening creams as well as hair straightening products. It was  difficult for black women to be accepted during this time,  especially following traits of the “new woman.”

Jazz singer, Bessie Smith was an influence towards African American women. She was a flapper of the 1920s and flaunted sexuality and pleasure, glamourous attire, and flouted convention.

Written by A New Generation of Women

May 2, 2011 at 12:32 am

Posted in Uncategorized

An Opposition

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“Many people opposed to the new woman phenomenon of the 1910s and 1920s. Alarmed by such vulgar behavior, many people wanted the old-fashioned morals to be taken into action that the younger generation had discarded of. Critics of the new woman, men and women, were joined together in hopes of bringing the Victorian standard conduct back. The Young Women’s Christian Association aided urban women to attend in religion, boarding schools, gymnasiums, and homemaking courses to expel attention on modern-life society. Parents were welcoming due to the increase in being unable to control their daughters. (Clash of Cultures, Sexuality.)”

Overall, the way a typical white “new woman” flaunted herself to society was unaccepting and shun upon. The morals were displeasing and parents were unsatisfied with the way that their daughters had become. Modern-city society had caused an outrage. The Victorian era seemed to have disappeared and the people, men and women, wanted to bring it back to recognition. Women behaving in such a way has caused an era of controversy that seemed to go unsettled.

Written by A New Generation of Women

May 1, 2011 at 11:54 pm

Posted in Uncategorized

Sexual Revolution of the 1920s

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The concept of the new woman during the 1920s underwent a sexuality connotation. Different from the Victorian era, a middle-ground of prostitution and not having sexual encounters, emerged from the unmarried women. Parents as well as the police force did not approve of this change. However, the irony comes out when certain police women were also the “new woman” who had stepped out of the traditional gender roles. Various differences occurred amongst women generations and for every woman who rebelled against her mothers orders another  probably was chose to restraint. Marriage was seen continuously throughout generations. During the 1910s and 1920s, women preferred to be heterosocial and saturated with heterosexuality. These women could flirt and date in just about any atmosphere of amusement. This caused a decline in the Victorian’s new woman social realm of activity.

Remaining at the fringes of these changes in sexual norms in the twentieth century were prostitutes,radical women, and lesbians, revealing significant historical continuity in sexual behavior and thought. Women of the Bohemian middle class began to question marriage and explored “free love.” Also, birth control pioneers, socialists, and feminists often paid a price for violating the sexual normality. Young women were not simply discarding the norms of their mothers’ generation, though, but adapting them to the changing landscape of modern American life. Many women chose marriage and motherhood over dating and pleasure.

Written by A New Generation of Women

May 1, 2011 at 11:33 pm

Posted in Uncategorized

Education, Work, and Reform

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Urban women and “working girls” were among the growing visibility of changing gender norms. Throughout the 1930s, many women worked as domestic servants than any other job at that time, applying that the tradition was not overturned and women still engaged in conventional “house work”. Although the labor movement thrived in the early twentieth century, by 1920 a small fraction of women in the workforce had union jobs, and rarely did the movement take up issues of concern to working women or allow them to take a part in leadership roles. Wage labor immensely shaped women’s identities during a period of urbanization, industrialization, and commercialization.

With a bare minimum of power in the work field, working-class women felt nonetheless empowered by earning an income. This gave women the ability to be more independent.

Few in numbers, many women succeeded to make inroads into careers and education that had previously excluded to women. Women’s Christian Temperance Union began attending some of the more progressive colleges, but only in the twentieth-century women’s college enrollment became equal with men. Women became helpful in teaching, social-work, and nursing professions.

“The image of the new woman was usually single, but even married women help play a significant part in transforming gender roles. Such organizations as the Woman’s Christian Temperance Union and the General Federation of Women’s Clubs consolidated into national organizations and achieved greater prominence for women, especially married, middle-class women, in public activities. Women’s clubs, volunteer work, and women’s suffrage activism were not new in the early twentieth- century, but they were more visible to the public and more widespread. Reformers, educated women, and working girls together as individuals and groups forged new ground for women.(Clash of Cultures, Work and Education.)”

Written by A New Generation of Women

April 28, 2011 at 2:38 am

Posted in Uncategorized

Demographic Changes

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Part of the contribution that helped change the new woman was the changes that were seen in demographic patterns. Single, urban women lived outside their parent’s home in working class areas and became able to earn their own wages and have less exposure to their parent’s supervision.

Beginning in the late nineteenth century, changes among working-class women filtered into middle-class society such as cabarets and other  various types of performances, so that by the 1910s and 1920s, young middle-class women were wearing styles and engaging in behaviors that were known to be inappropriate to their parents’ generation. A contradiction of the new woman was that she flouted conventions while attaching to new standards of conformity within a rising peer culture.

Written by A New Generation of Women

April 28, 2011 at 2:11 am

Posted in Uncategorized

The “Flapper”

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By 1913, the “flapper” replaced the Gibson girl and became the new icon for women in the twentieth-century as the new woman. Drinking and smoking, dancing, exposing skin, were some of the traits that came with being a flapper girl. They were thin, flat-chested, and boyish-looking that defied old-fashioned norms. They took after theater’s “it” girls such as Bessie Smith and Clara Bow.

In the United States, popular contempt for prohibition was a factor in the rise of the flapper. Legal saloons and cabarets closed, back alley speakeasies became more popular. Jazz women who took on the look of the flapper were seen as reckless, independent, and attractive.

Flappers also began to work outside the home and challenging women’s traditional societal roles such as advocating voting and women’s rights. Eventually, dance styles came to follow that were considered shocking like the Charleston, Shimmy, Bunny Hug, and Black Bottom. Flappers were also considered a challenge to the Victorian gender roles. Increasingly, women discarded the old, rigid ideas of the roles and embraced consumerism and personal choice. Flappers became an artifact of larger social changes– women were able to vote in 1920 and religious society had been rocked by the Scopes Trial. Dorothy Dunbar Bromley, a liberal writer during the 20s, summed up the flapper as “truly modern”, “New Style” feminists who “admit that a full life calls for marriage and children” and also “are moved by an inescapable inner compulsion to be individuals in their own right.”

Written by A New Generation of Women

April 28, 2011 at 1:32 am

Posted in Uncategorized